Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. This is a novel (new) strain which first appeared in Wuhan, China at the end of 2019. The official name for this virus is severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) amd the disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
The virus is believed to be zoonotic (passes between animals and humans) and is related to SARS (2003) and MERS (2012). According to current estimates, COVID-19 has a case fatality rate of 1-4%, with population above 60 years old and those with pre-existing conditions to be at higher risk.
Common signs of infection include fever (87%) and dry cough (68%). Many affected patients might also be asymptomatic. In more severe cases, infection can lead to pneumonia, severe acute
respiratory syndrome, septic shock and eventual death.
Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking food and sanitizing the living environment. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illnesses such as coughing and sneezing. If possible, avoid traveling to areas that are affected. If you suspect you might have contracted COVID-19, please contact your local healthcare professional for advice.
Treatment is mainly supportive. Research on the use of antivirals and vaccinations are ongoing.
Data is based on official latest known information. Medgic does not guarantee the accuracy of the data and the situation is rapidly evolving. If you would like to collaborate, do drop us an email at